2010 was a great year for cloud computing. The hype phase of cloud computing is closing in on maturity, as the message has finally hit awareness of nearly all in the Cxx tier. And for good reason. The diffusion of IT-everything into nearly every aspect of our lives needs a lot of compute, storage, and network horsepower.
And,… we are finally getting to the point cloud computing is no longer explained with exotic diagrams on a white board or Powerpoint presentation, but actually something we can start knitting together into a useful tool.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the United States takes cloud computing seriously, and is well on the way to setting standards for cloud computing, at least in the US. The NIST definitions of cloud computing are already an international reference, and as that taxonomy continues to baseline vendor cloud solutions, it is a good sign we are on the way to product maturity.
Now is the Time to Build Confidence
Unless you are an IY manager in a bleeding-edge technology company, there is rarely any incentive to be in the first-mover quadrant of technology implementation. The intent of IT managers is to keep the company’s information secure, and provide the utilities needed to meet company objectives. Putting a company at risk by implementing “cool stuff” is not the best career choice.
However, as cloud computing continues to mature, and the cost of operating an internal data center continues to rise (due to the cost of electricity, real estate, and equipment maintenance), IT managers really have no choice – they have to at least learn the cloud computing technology and operations environment. If for no other reason than their Cxx team will eventually ask the question of “what does this mean to our company?”
An IT manager will need to prepare an educated response to the Cxx team, and be able to clearly articulate the following:
- Why cloud computing would bring operational or competitive advantage to the company
- Why it might not bring advantage to the company
- The cost of operating in a cloud environment versus a traditional data center environment
- The relationship between data center consolidation and cloud computing
- The advantage or disadvantage of data center outsourcing and consolidation
- The differences between enterprise clouds, public clouds, and hybrid clouds
- The OPEX/CAPEX comparisons of running individual servers versus virtualization, or virtualization within a cloud environment
- Graphically present and describe cloud computing models compared to traditional models, including the cost of capacity
Wish List Priority 1 – Cloud Computing Interoperability
It is not just about vendor lock-in. it is not just about building a competitive environment. it is about having the opportunity to use local, national, and international cloud computing resources when it is in the interest of your organization.
Hybrid clouds are defined by NIST, but in reality are still simply a great idea. The idea of being able to overflow processing from an enterprise cloud to a public cloud is well-founded, and in fact represents one of the basic visions of cloud computing. Processing capacity on demand.
But let’s take this one step further. The cloud exchange. We’ve discussed this for a couple of years, and now the technology needs to catch up with the concept.
If we can have an Internet Exchange, a Carrier Ethernet Exchange, and a telephone exchange – why can’t we have a Cloud Exchange? or a single one-stop-shop for cloud compute capacity consumers to go to access a spot market for on-demand cloud compute resources?
Here is one idea. Take your average Internet Exchange Point, like Amsterdam (AMS-IX), Frankfurt (DE-CIX), Any2, or London (LINX) where hundreds of Internet networks, content delivery networks, and enterprise networks come together to interconnect at a single point. This is the place where the only restriction you have for interconnection of networks and resources is the capacity of your port/s connecting you to the exchange point.
Most Internet Exchange Points are colocated with large data centers, or are in very close proximity to large data centers (with a lot of dark fiber connecting the facilities). The data centers manage most of the large content delivery networks (CDNs) facing the Internet. Many of those CDNs have irregular capacity requirements based on event-driven, seasonal, or other activities.
The CDN can either build their colocation capacity to meet the maximum forecast requirements of their product, or they could potentially interconnect with a colocated cloud computing company for overflow capacity – at the point of Internet exchange.
The cloud computing companies (with the exception of the “Big 3”), are also – yes, in the same data centers as the CDNs. Ditto for the enterprise networks choosing to either outsource their operations into a data center – or outsource into a public cloud provider.
Wish List – Develop a cloud computing exchange colocated, or part of large Internet Exchange Points.
Wish List Extra Credit – Switch vendors develop high capacity SSDs that fit into switch slots, making storage part of the switch back plane.
Simple and Secure Disaster Recovery Models
Along with the idea of distributed cloud processing, interoperability, and on-demand resources comes the most simple of all cloud visions – disaster recovery.
One of the reasons we all talk cloud computing is the potential for data center consolidation and recovery of CAPEX/OPEX for reallocation into development and revenue-producing activities.
However, with data center consolidation comes the equally important task of developing strong disaster recovery and business continuity models. Whether it be through producing hot standby images of applications and data, simply backing up data into a remote (secure) location, or both, disaster recovery still takes on a high priority for 2011.
You might state “disaster recovery has been around since the beginning of computing, with 9 track tapes copies and punch cards – what’s new?”
What’s new is the reality of disaster recovery is most companies and organizations still have no meaningful disaster recovery plan. There may be a weekly backup to tape or disk, there may even be the odd company or organization with a standby capability that limits recovery time and recovery point objectives to a day or two. But let’s be honest – those are the exceptions.
Having surveyed enterprise and government users over the past two years, we have noticed that very, very few organizations with paper disaster recovery plans actually implement their plans in practice. This includes many local and state governments within the US (check out some of the reports published by the National Association of State CIOs/NASCIO if you don’t believe this statement!).
Wish List Item 2 – Develop a simple, really simple and cost effective disaster recovery model within the cloud computing industry. Make it an inherent part of all cloud computing products and services. Make it so simple no IT manager can ever again come up with an excuse why their recovery point and time objectives are not ZERO.
Moving Towards the Virtual Desktop
Makes sense. If cloud computing brings applications back to the SaaS model, and communications capacity and bandwidth are bringing delays –even on long distance connections, to the point us humans cannot tell if we are on a LAN or a WAN, then let’s start dumping high cost works stations.
Sure, that 1% of the IT world using CAD, graphics design, and other funky stuff will still need the most powerful computer available on the market, but the rest of us can certainly live with hosted email, other unified communications, and office automation applications. You start your dumb terminal with the 30” screen at 0800, and log off at 1730.
If you really need to check email at night or on the road, your 3G->4G smart phone or netbook connection will provide more than adequate bandwidth to connect to your host email application or files.
This supports disaster recovery objectives, lowers the cost of expensive workstations, and allows organizations to regain control of their intellectual property.
With applications portability, at this point it makes no difference if you are using Google Apps, Microsoft 365, or some other emerging hosted environment.
Wish List Item 3 – IT Managers, please consider dumping the high end desktop workstation, gain control over your intellectual property, recover the cost of IT equipment, and standardize your organizational environment.
More Wish List Items
Yes, there are many more. But those start edging towards “cool.” We want to concentrate on those items really needed to continue pushing the global IT community towards virtualization.